WELCOME TO CAMBODIA
Cambodia is a Southeast Asian country bordering with Vietnam (east), Thailand (west and north) Laos (north east) and Gulf of Thailand (south).
Most Interesting Tourist Spots
Cambodia is considered as the country which has the most ancient temples on earth. The Khmer –present Cambodian, had built hundreds of temples throughout the Empire, which hundreds are found in present Cambodia, some in Thailand, Laos, and South Vietnam (former lands of Khmer Empire).
However, the most famous temples to be visited are Angkor Wat, Bayon, Phnom Bangkeng, Banteay Srei, Preah Vihear, and Sambor Prei Kuk.
- Angkor Wat: It is the world largest religious temple and it is one of the seven world wonders and recognized as the world heritage in December 1992 by UNESCO. Angkor Wat is 65 meters height from ground level, with five towers, covered
by bas-reliefs and about 2000 distinctive and beautiful Apsara. Its size is as big as 1500 m x 1300 m.
- Bayon: The most outstanding feature of the Bayon was built
by Jayavarman VII in the exact center of the city of Angkor Thom, is the eerie and unsetting 3rd level, with its 54 standing towers projecting 216 giant smiling faces, gargantuan face of Avalokitessvara. The Bayon is located in Ankor Thom, 3 km square, which is 3 km north of Angkor Wat, the best visit in the early morning hours when the mist creates a surreal sight amongst the stone faces.
skilled craftsmanship of sandstone carvings, Banteay Srei is located about 32 km from Angkor. It was dedicated in 987, making it one of the oldest temples in the region.
- Banteay Srei: This is the fabled pink temple of women, so called because it is made of pink sandstone and considered a tribute to the beauty of women. Its small size, delicate carvings and remarkable state of preservation make Banteay Srei one of everyone's favorite temples. Its apsara and male and female divinities reprsent the most
Preah ViheaAround Angkor Wat found almost a hundred ancient temples built by with different kings and different art/ archeological styles, for instances, Banteay Srei, Koh Kei, Ta Som, Neak Pean, Phimean Akas, Bak Keng, Ak Yum, Angkor Thom, Bakong, Baksei Chamkrong,
Banteay Kdei, Banteay Prei, Banteay Samre, Bat Chum, Baphuon, Krol Ko, Chapel of the Hospital, Lolei, Chau Say Tevoda, East Mebon , Kbal Spean, Kleangs (North and South), Prasat Kravan, Prasat Prei, Phnom Krom, Prasat Suor Prat, Prasat Top (East), Prasat Bei, Prasat Top (West), Preah Palilay, Pre Rup, Preah Pithu Group, Preah Khan, Spean Thma, Srah Srang, Srah Srang, Ta Keo, Ta Nei, Ta Prohm, Tep Pranam, Ta Prohm Kel , Thommanon, Wat Athvea, West Mebon, etc.. Besides these, there are more famous temples in many other provinces of the country such as: Prasat Phnom Chiso, Prasat Bati, Angkor Borei (Takeo province), Prasat Preah Vihear (Preah Vihear Province), Sombo Prey Kuk ( K.Thom Province), etc..
2. Phnom Penh
It is the city which can be symbolized as the small town of Paris.
Because it has the similarity since it was designed under the
French colonization. There you can visit also the Royal Palace, Wat Phnom, Silver Pagoda, National Museum, Independent Monument, and many other famous places.
Royal Palace: The most prominent feature of Phnom Penh is Royal Palace close to the Mekong River-includes an impressive, colorful and traditionally style group of buildings. The Royal Palacearea is 435 m long by 402 m. Now is under reign of king NORODOM SIHAMUNI.
Silver Gagoda: taking its name from the silver floor, that is completely covered with 5329 silver tiles, each tile weighing 1.125kg. Inside the temple are 1650 artifacts, most being Buddhist statues there is one which made of 90kg gold and adorned with 2086 diamonds. The largest is 25 Karats.
Sihanoukville's white finest sand beaches and warm Gulf of Thailand waters combine with a laid back, beachy atmosphere to provide a great little tropical getaway. Sihanoukville is a place to unwind by the beach, enjoy the fresh from-the-ocean seafood, take in a snorkelling or scuba trip, and generally slow-down, lay back and chill-out.
Cambodia has many waterfalls to visit. Most of them located in the Northeastern provinces of the country- Mundulkiri and Ratanakiri, which are famous for tourists, for instance, Boo Sra Waterfall, Sen Monorum Waterfall, Rum Near Waterfall, Crey Thom Waterfall, Kachang Waterfall, Katieng Waterfall, Ou'Sean Lair Waterfall, Ou'Sensranoh Waterfall, Cha Ung Waterfall, and there many more which other provinces. These waterfalls have diameters from 7- 20 meters and 5-25 meters height according to stages.
5. Khmer Loeu (Khmer Tribes or Khmer Upper)
They are the non-Khmer highland tribes in Cambodia. The Khmer Loeu are found mainly in the northeastern provinces of Ratanakiri, Steung Treng, Mondulkiri and Kratie. Most Khmer Loeu live in scattered temporary villages that haveonly few hundred inhabitants. These villages usually are governed by a council of local elders or by a village headman. The hill tribal people who are not affected by mass-tourism, as they are in neighboring Thailand, and you have an area that is very attractive to the adventure traveler.
- Tonle Sap Lake: This Great Lake combined lake and river system of huge importance to Cambodia. It is the largest freshwater lake in South East Asia and is an ecological hotspot that was designated as an UNESCO biosphere in 1997.
It situated in the middle of the country and is a most unique geographical feature. The Tonle Sap is 160 km long and 36 km wide. During the dry season, the lake covers and area of 3000 square km and a depth of 1-2m and increase to 16000 square km in rainy season and a depth of 12m. This provides a perfect breeding ground for fish and makes the Tonle Sap ecosystem one of the most productive inland fisheries in the world, supporting over 3 million people and providing over 75% of Cambodia's annual inland fish catch and 60% of the Cambodians' protein intake. At the end of the rainy season, the flow reverses and the fish are carried downriver.The Tonle Sap Great Lake consists of the lake and a flood plain of interconnected streams, ponds, flooded forests and wetland vegetation that supports a rich biodiversity of species including; aquatic plants, fish, birds, mammals, reptiles, amphibians, insects and microorganisms. Tourists can take boat-tour from Phnom Penh to Siem Reap or vice versa and enjoy sightseeing the Tonle Sap along the way.
- Yeak Loam Lake: It is situated 5 km. south - east of Banlung. The Yeak Loam lake (volcanic crater) is the most beautiful lake of Ratanakiri formed by a volcanic eruption almost 4,000 years ago with 50 m. deep, 800 m. diameter and a walking path around the lake of 2,500 m. Two hundred meters of the track is a quaint wooden building housing tribal handicraft, the Crafts Museum.
7. Park and Zoo
- Virachay National Park
Virachay National Park is situated 45 km. north of Banlung. With a total land area of 332,500 ha. It has varieties of plants and trees in the forest
and many different kinds of animals and birds.
- Lumphat Wildlife Sanctuary
Lumphat Wildlife Sanctuary is situated 37km. south of Banlung. With a total land area of 250,000 ha. there are special kinds of animals and birds like tigers, elephants, red-headed vultures.
- Home of Fresh Water Dolphin
The rare freshwater Irrawaddy dolphins make
their home in the Mekong River, just north of Kratie. With only around fifty remaining, they are worth a visit.
- Phnom Tamoa
Phnon Tamao is the the zoo wich is established at Tamao Maountain in Takeo provine. It consists of many kinds of animals and countless birds. The most impressive is the 80 kilo python.
If you are in the provinces, shopping spree starts at the provincial markets. Shopping bargains can be found on intricate stone, wood carvings, gem stones and other varieties of goods, many brought in by tribes like baskets, crossbows, gourds (water containers), bracelets, necklaces, cloth pipe from the outskirts of town make for an interesting and very colourful morning stroll.
If you are in Phnom Penh the most favourite and famous shopping markets for tourists are Thney Market and Toultompong Market. They have all kinds of local products with the reasonable prices.
VäLKOMMEN TILL KAMBODJIA
This is the sample of prochure that the Cambodian group published and delivered to guests visited at the Cultuaral Day 16 May 2006. The Cultural Day is sponsored and organized by Swedish Government and there are 35 countries participated.